|Flail and Crook
A symbol of royalty, majesty and dominion.
The Egyptians believed that during creation this hill rose out of the
sea of chaos to create dry land. The idea of this hill rising had a
profound effect on the egyptians, being used as every thing from temple
layouts to the possible inspiration behind the pyramids.
A loop of rope that has no beginning and no end, it symbolized
eternity. The sun disk is often depicted in the center of it. The shen
also seems to be a symbol of protection. It is often seen being
clutched by deities in bird form, Horus the falcon, Mut the vulture.
Hovering over Pharaohs head with their wings outstretched in a gesture
of protection. The word shen comes from the word "shenu" which means
"encircle," and in its elongated form became the cartouche which
surrounded the king's name.
|Udjat - Eye of Horus
The sound eye of Horus. Symbolizes healing and protection. The eye is
personified in the goddess Wadjet (also
written as Wedjat, Uadjet, Wedjoyet, Edjo or Uto and as The Eye of Ra
or "Udjat"). Horus was the ancient Egyptian sky god who was usually
depicted as a falcon. His right eye was associated with the sun Ra. The
eye symbol represents the marking around a Peregrine Falcon's eye that
includes the "teardrop" marking sometimes found below the eye. The
mirror image, or left eye, sometimes represented the moon and the god
The ka is usually translated as "soul" or "spirit" The ka came into
existence when an individual was born. It was believed that the
ram-headed god Khnum crafted the ka on his potter's wheel at a persons
birth. It was thought that when someone died they "met their ka". A
persons ka would live on after their body had died. Some tombs included
model houses as the ka needed a place to live. Offerings of food and
drink would be left at the tomb entrance so the ka could eat and drink.
|Winged Solar Disk
This is a form that the god Horus Behudety (Horus of Edfu) takes in his
battles with Seth. The god Thoth used his magic to turn Horus into a
sun-disk with splendid outstretched wings. The goddesses Nekhbet and
Uazet in the form of uraeus snakes joined him at his side.
The exact origin of this symbol is unknown. In many respects it
resembles an ankh except that its arms curve down. Its meaning is also
reminiscent of the ankh, it is often translated to mean welfare or
life. As early as the Third Dynasty we find the tiet being used as
decoration when it appears with both the ankh and the djed column, and
later with the was scepter. The tiet is associated with Isis and is
often called "the knot of Isis" or "the blood of Isis." It seems to be
called "the knot of Isis" because it resembles a knot used to secure
the garments that the gods wore. The meaning of "the blood of Isis" is
more obscured but it was often used as a funerary amulet made of a red
stone or glass. In the Late Period the sign was associated with the
goddesses Nephthys, Hathor, and Nut as well as with Isis. In all these
cases it seems to represent the ideas of resurrection and eternal life.
Which means mountain, the symbol suggests two peaks with the Nile
valley in the middle. The Egyptians believed that there was a cosmic
mountain range that held up the heavens. This mountain range had two
peaks, the western peak was called Manu, while the eastern peak was
called Bakhu. It was on these peaks that heaven rested. Each peak of
this mountain chain was guarded by a lion deity, who's job it was to
protect the sun as it rose and set. The mountain was also a symbol of
the tomb and the afterlife, probably because most Egyptian tombs were
located in the mountainous land bordering the Nile valley. In some
texts we find Anubis, the gaurdian of the tomb being referred to as "He
who is upon his mountain." Sometimes we find Hathor takeing on the
attributes of a deity of the afterlife, at this time she is called
"Mistress of the Necropolis." She is rendered as the head of a cow
protruding from a mountainside.
The atef crown was worn by Osiris. It is made up of the white crown of
Upper Egypt and the red feathers are representative of Busiris,
Osiris's cult center in the Delta.
The Double Crown, the red crown and the white crown put together to
represent a unified Egypt. Although Egypt was not always a unified
nation it was stronger that way.Therefore unification was desirable.
Narmer (Menes), the founder of the First Dynasty around 3100 B.C., was
the first man recorded wearing this crown.
A Lotus Flower. This is a symbol of the sun, of creation and rebirth.
Because at night the flower closes and sinks underwater, at dawn it
rises and opens again. According to one creation myth it was a giant
lotus which first rose out of the watery chaos at the beginning of
time. From this giant lotus the sun itself rose on the first day. A
symbol of Upper Egypt
This symbol represents a lamp or brazier on a stand from which a flame
emerges. Fire was embodied in the sun and in its symbol the uraeus
which spit fire. Fire also plays a part in the Egyptian concept of the
underworld. There is one terrifying aspect of the underworld which is
similar to the christians concept of hell. Most egyptians would like to
avoid this place with its fiery lakes and rivers that are inhabited by
This symbol represents a heart. The Egyptian believed the heart was the
center of all consciousness, even the center of life itself. When
someone died it was said that their "heart has departed." It was the
only organ that was not removed from the body during mummification. In
the Book of the dead, it was the heart that was weighed against the
feather of Maat to see if an individual was worthy of joining Osiris in
This symbol represents gold which was considered a divine metal, it was
thought to be the flesh of the gods. Its polished surface was related
to the brilliance of the sun. Gold was important to the afterlife as it
represents aspects of immortality. By the New Kingdom, the royal burial
chamber was called the "House of Gold."
The Menat, also known as Menyat or Menit, is the emblem of Goddess Hathor. A ceremonial object, it was a heavily beaded wide collar or necklace, having a crescent-shaped front piece and a heavy counterpoise at the back that kept it in place. The Menat is supposed to have been associated with life, fertility, potency, birth, renewal and joy.
The Goddess Hathor, who was also referred to as the 'Great Menat', was believed to use the Menat as a conduit for passing her power. The priests and priestesses of Hathor are often shown holding or wearing the Menat at official occasions.