Sםmbolos Antiguos (Spanish)
Antike Symbole (Deutsch)
Древние символы (Russian)
Symboles Anciens (French)
/ Hamesh / Hamsa
This ancient symbol incorporating numerous names is commonly used by
Muslims and Jews as a protective amulet and originates from Semitic
root which means “five”. It is believed to be a
source of luck, fortune, health and happiness to its owner and goes by
other names such as Hamesh hand, Chamsa and Khamsa. Muslims refer to it
as the Hand of Fatima, taking its name from prophet Mohamed’s
daughter and is believed to represent the five tenets of Islam for
Sunnis. Fatima Al Zahra was Prophet Mohamed’s daughter with
his first wife Khadija and her name means “The shining
one”. She was regarded as pure and without blemish and is the
only daughter to bore Mohamed grandchildren (De Lafayette, 2017).
Hamesh means five in Hebrew and uses this symbol to symbolize the 5
books of the Torah for the Jewish community. In the Jewish religion,
the Hamsa hand represents the hand of god and most Jews believe that
the symbol represents the hand of Miriam, who was Moses’ and
Aaron’s sister in the bible (De Lafayette, 2017).
The Jewish community also believes that wearers of this symbol do so to
be reminded of using their five senses to glorify god. This symbol has
an eye sign engraved on it which is believed to be an effective amulet
against the evil eye. Most people wear it as a Hamsa necklace but
others adopt it as a decorative aspect at their homes, as jewelry or in
key chains (De Lafayette, 2017).
though this amulet has been symbolic both to Muslims and in Judaism for
many centuries, archaeological exploits in the Middle East region give
evidence that the symbol predates both the religions. Archaeology
states that the Hamsa hand originated with the Phoenicians who adopted
it as a protective symbol for a primeval Goddess from the Middle East.
This symbol has always been linked to a female entity providing shelter
from evil and bad luck or adversities.
Four Elements Symbolism
Solar & Lunar Symbols