earliest known writing discovered in the Mayan script dates from about
250 BC, but the script is thought to have developed at an earlier date
then that. The Mayans were known for their sophisticated culture which
included many hieroglyphics.
Mayan hieroglyphics were
carved into stone or bone, or even painted on
pottery or written on books. The two main topics of their texts were
astronomy and religious views.
are the main logograms that the mayan civilization used to express
words and ideas.
are many ancient Mayan symbols, we have added some of the most popular
numerals were a vigesimal (base-twenty) numeral system used by the
Pre-Columbian Maya civilization.
numerals are made up of three symbols; zero (shell shape), one (a dot)
and five (a bar). For example, nineteen (19) is written as four dots in
a horizontal row above three horizontal lines stacked upon each other.
is the chart of mayan numerals.
Haab was the Maya solar calendar made up of eighteen months of twenty
days each plus a period of five days ("nameless days") at the end of
the year known as Wayeb' (or Uayeb in 16th C. orthography).
Each day in the Haab'
calendar was identified by a day number in the
month followed by the name of the month. Day numbers began with a glyph
translated as the "seating of" a named month, which is usually regarded
as day 0 of that month, although a minority treat it as day 20 of the
month preceding the named month. In the latter case, the seating of Pop
is day 5 of Wayeb'. For the majority, the first day of the year was 0
Pop (the seating of Pop). This was followed by 1 Pop, 2 Pop as far as
19 Pop then 0 Wo, 1 Wo and so on.
the Tzolk'in nor the Haab' system numbered the years. The combination
of a Tzolk'in date and a Haab' date was enough to identify a date to
most people's satisfaction, as such a combination did not occur again
for another 52 years, above general life expectancy.
the two calendars were based on 260 days and 365 days respectively, the
whole cycle would repeat itself every 52 Haab' years exactly. This
period was known as a Calendar Round. The end of the Calendar Round was
a period of unrest and bad luck among the Maya, as they waited in
expectation to see if the gods would grant them another cycle of 52
is the Haab calendar (365 days)
is the mayan sacred almanac of 260 days.
Mesoamerican Long Count calendar is a non-repeating, vigesimal
(base-20) and base-18 calendar used by several Pre-Columbian
Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya. For this reason, it is
sometimes known as the Maya (or Mayan) Long Count calendar. Using a
modified vigesimal tally, the Long Count calendar identifies a day by
counting the number of days passed since a mythical creation date that
corresponds to August 11, 3114 BCE in the Gregorian calendar.
Long Count calendar was widely used on monuments.
Here is the Mayan Long
Count Calendar and it`s symbols.
are the main mayan symbols that we
have discovered to this date. If more mayan symbols should be found and
documented, we will include them in this section of ancient mayan