Sםmbolos Antiguos (Spanish)
Antike Symbole (Deutsch)
Древние символы (Russian)
Symboles Anciens (French)
The Jerusalem Cross is a major symbol used in Christianity,
representing Christ’s command to spread the Gospel around the
beginning in Jerusalem. The symbol is basically composed of 5 crosses;
1 large central cross with 4 smaller crosses in each quadrant. It is
also often referred to as the Crusader’s Cross and less
the Cantonee Cross.
The Crusaders used the Jerusalem Cross as an emblem; bearing the symbol
on the papal banner given to them by Pope Urban II. It was
adopted by Godfrey de Bouillon as his personal coat of arms. He was one
of the leaders of the Crusades and became the first ruler of Jerusalem
(he refused the title of “king”) after successfully driving
out the Moslems during the First Crusade in 1099.
Popular interpretations of the Jerusalem Cross:
- The central cross stands for Christ and the four smaller
crosses stand for the 4 evangelists John, Luke, Mark and Matthew.
- The large cross represents Christ as the strength at the
center of Christianity, and the smaller crosses as the 4 corners of the
earth to which the faith spread.
- The crosses represent the wounds that Christ suffered when
He was crucified; the central cross for the wound on His side, and the
4 smaller crosses for the wounds on His hands and feet.
- The 5 crosses represent the five nations that figured in
The Crusades: Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany and Italy.
Four Elements Symbolism
Solar & Lunar Symbols